What is MVP (Minimum Viable Product )?


An MVP is a basic form of a new product developed by companies, particularly those in the technology and startup scene.
The idea is to create a product that includes only the most necessary features needed to attract the first group of users and to gather their feedback for future enhancements of the product.

Core Concepts of an MVP




A simple version of a product designed with just enough features to satisfy initial customers and gather feedback for future enhancements.


A basic app that tracks how many steps you take and monitors your water consumption only.

Key Characteristics

- Only Necessary Features: Includes crucial functionalities to solve a specific problem.
- Adequacy: Sufficient to please early users and provide insights for improvements.
- Collecting Feedback: Essential for obtaining user opinions to refine the product over time.

- Definition:

It's a simple form of a product equipped with just enough characteristics to satisfy initial customers and to collect their suggestions for enhancing the product in the future.

- Example:

Consider an app that helps you monitor how many steps you take and keeps track of your water consumption.

Essential Qualities

- Only Necessary Features:

It contains just the crucial functionalities required to address a specific issue or fulfill a need.

- Adequacy:

It must be capable enough to please early adopters and to offer insights for future betterments.

- Collecting Feedback:

This process is crucial for acquiring user opinions to refine and advance the product in future iterations.

Example of MVP in Action

MVP Version

Basic features like step counting and water intake logging, excluding advanced functionalities such as diet tracking or social sharing.


To test if the fundamental functions are useful and to collect user feedback.


Feedback might reveal unexpected user preferences, guiding the next version's development focus.

Imagine a startup that plans to launch a comprehensive fitness tracking application. Instead of initially launching a fully equipped app, they opt for an MVP approach.

MVP Version:

This MVP version would only include fundamental features such as monitoring steps and logging water intake, excluding more complex functionalities like diet management, social interactions, personalized coaching, or compatibility with other fitness gadgets.


This MVP is released to a limited audience to determine whether the basic functions are appealing and to solicit feedback.


Feedback from users may reveal a higher interest in features like diet tracking than initially anticipated. Consequently, the subsequent version of the app might focus on incorporating a diet tracking feature.

By beginning with an MVP, the startup reduces both risk and initial investment while significantly enhancing their understanding of customer needs.
This strategy facilitates more effective and focused product development, relying on actual user feedback rather than assumptions.

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What is a Minimum Viable Product (MVP)?

An MVP is the most basic version of a product that a company can release. It has just enough features to attract early users and gather their feedback for future improvements.

Why do companies create MVPs?

Companies create MVPs to test their product ideas with minimal risk and investment. It helps them learn what users truly need and want before investing more time and resources into full-scale product development.

What are the key characteristics of an MVP?

- Only Necessary Features: It includes just the essential functions needed to address a specific problem or need.
- Adequacy: It should satisfy early users and provide insights for making the product better.
- Collecting Feedback: Gathering user opinions is crucial for refining and improving the product over time.

Can you give an example of an MVP?

An example of an MVP is a basic fitness app that tracks steps and water intake. It doesn't include more advanced features like diet tracking or social sharing, focusing instead on core functionalities.

How does an MVP benefit startups or new product developers?

An MVP allows startups to:
- Validate their product concept with real users.
- Minimize initial development costs and risks.
- Collect valuable feedback for prioritizing future developments.

What happens after an MVP is released?

After releasing an MVP, the company collects and analyzes user feedback to understand what features are most valued. Based on this feedback, the company can make informed decisions about which new features to develop next.

How do companies decide what features to include in an MVP?

Companies typically include features that:
- Directly address the core problem the product aims to solve.
- Are essential for the user to derive value from the product.
- Can be developed and released with minimal effort and resources.

What is the outcome of an MVP?

The outcome of an MVP can vary, but ideally, it leads to:
- Validation of the product idea from real users.
- Valuable insights into user needs and preferences.
- A roadmap for developing a more feature-rich and refined product based on actual user feedback.

Is an MVP the final version of the product?

No, an MVP is not the final version of the product. It's a starting point that allows companies to learn from users and improve the product. The final product will likely have many more features and refinements based on feedback gathered through the MVP.

How long should it take to develop an MVP?

The development time for an MVP varies depending on the product and the resources available. However, the goal is to release it quickly to start gathering user feedback as soon as possible.

How does feedback play a role in the development of an MVP?

Feedback from early users of an MVP is crucial for understanding customer needs and preferences, which informs what features to add, modify, or remove in subsequent versions.